Relations between Central and Local Level

Place: Republic of Albania
Date: 12 February 2013

Lecturers:

Prof. Dr. Donald Curtis, Specialist of Public Management and Institutional Development
Prof. Arian Galdini, Master of Political Science and Public Policy
Besnik Tahiri, Master of Science of Decentralized Governance and International Development
   
Topics:

•    Responsibility and the moral hazard of local government - the key issues

•    Types of Decentralization - Accommodation of Diversity

•    Requirement of the separation of powers of after war societies

•    Local government and social compactness

•    Democratization towards Decentralization– Why respective governments or citizens should care amount decentralization?

•    The role and importance of public policy in local government

Prof. Dr. Donald Curtis, Specialist of Public Management and Institutional Development

Prof. Dr. Donald Curtis, stressed that the national public good is best served when the local public good is best represented, and therefore, the local public good is when it is regulated by the national constitution, this constitution give power to local interests, creating separate spheres of governance, and in this regard he stressed that local interests and national interests might match or sometimes might be in contradiction.

Precisely to that, the center requires universal goods, territorial integrity, maintaining diversity, civic engagement for the wider public good, but the municipality requires different specific interests, as much power as possible, local voice and representation, equal allocation of national resources.
The public good is addressed to citizens’ interest, in order to build a relationship of central and local level, some accountable levels of citizen interest must be established, which should be regulated by law and agreement.

In his lecture, he stressed cooperation or partnership between central and local level, for a leader finding a common language is very important, which requires willingness to the solution of an issue to give and take negotiations to the settlement. He also stressed that the media are not always friendly and genuine regarding the handling of government disagreement, eg. Local transport related to national, economic development, natural resource allocation, etc., in exceptional cases findings within a constitutional framework is essential for good governance.

What is important for a skilled leader is to understand the Constitution to know the laws and to use negotiations where then the versatility of each leader be accepted by the party and followers (the electorate), it is belief, therefore political leadership does not have to deal with constructive relations only (constitutional, law) but also intergovernmental gaining public support.

Prof. Arian Galdini, Master of Political Science and Public Policy

In his lecture he stressed the importance of citizens in decision making. He pointed establishment of complaints committees where citizen express their dissatisfaction for services etc. For Public investment, interfere of public interest and real interest of the public, this should be used by local government mostly through the voice of the citizen we redirect our voice.