Property, the key pillar for progress

The Austrian Economic Chamber in Kosovo, Kosovo Local Government Institute, UBT College and the municipality of Lipjan organized a conference in which it was discussed about the five dimensions related to the use of municipal land (Residence – Agriculture – Tourism – Industry – Infrastructure).

During his speech, the Executive Director of KLGI, Mr. Besnik Tahiri stressed that property is the backbone of a country’s progress. That is, without clarity and good management of public property, there will be no economic development. It is known that municipalities in Kosovo have little municipal property, which means that there is a lack of public-private projects in the country. Hence, Kosovo and especially municipalities still face this issue given the fact that the properties and cadastre have gone through an unclear process of ownership and management.

Initially, the problem started with the lack of cadastral records in municipalities, the transfer of property to AKP, permission for use and exploitation, allocation of property from the central level, and then the property issues were followed to decentralization in the process of formation of new municipalities in relation to mother municipalities.

The focus of municipalities should be placed on the rationalization of the usable land, the increase of transparency, management plan, and on the integration of technology and its role in the management of municipal lands. Municipalities are still confronted with the lack of management of municipal property for administrative and educational objects, let alone discuss to give them for use and exploitation to develop the economy. Even if the municipalities identified the properties under the management of AKP, the exchanged procedures are enormously complicated.

Therefore, the good management of municipal assets should be based on a well-balanced division of authority, responsibility and accountability between the central and local government and good policies. In Kosovo, this balance has not yet been pursued.

The existing policies and regulatory environment prevent a strategic, long-term approach for management of land and assets in the local level, particularly for the use of land and property for economic and local development and revenue generation.

The municipal public property is a very significant asset of the municipality that has an effect on local economic development and facilitates the exercise of municipal powers. Municipal property should be in the service of serious investors who with their concrete projects will generate budget revenues and jobs.