Clientelism, a disturbing phenomenon for Kosovo

Clientelism is a disturbing phenomenon for local and central governance in Kosovo. In some cases, clientelism can be considered as more dangerous than corruption for a normal functioning of the country. This was stated by the executive director of Kosovo Local Government Institute, Mr. Besnik Tahiri, during the third module of Local Governance Academy, which was held in Durres for three consecutive days, in which the representatives of several municipalities, officials of the General Auditor and representatives from civil society attended.

In addition, Mr. Tahiri stated that rules are not enough to fight clientelism. “Civil society and media should play a major role in this regard.” There are many examples from countries such as Croatia, where these two segments have played a significant role for the country to join the European Union,” stated Mr. Tahiri.

In this occasion, the executive director of KLGI, Mr. Besnik Tahiri presented a study done by the Institute for the installation of clientelism in the country. According to this research, it is concluded that "clientelism has become an alternative governance in Kosovo."

In the third module, entitled “Formulating Public Policies and Local Economic Development,” the legal director of Ministry for Local Government Administration, Mr. Agron Maxhuni presented the legal framework of the organization and function of Local Government. Mr. Maxhuni emphasized that inter-municipal cooperation is crucial for the functioning of Local Government.

Moreover, Mr Fatmir Haxholli, a connoisseur of European Integration explained to the participants the enormous importance that the strategic development of municipalities has.

Mr. Haxholli focused mainly on the major role that the composition of strategy and its implementation in practice has. "If a strategy remains only in paper and it will not be implemented, then its effect will equal 0. Simply, there will be a waste of time, energy and improper use of human resources, which has budgetary implications,” stated Mr. Haxholli.

On the other hand, the economic expert and at the same time the executive director of "Besa Consulting," Mr. Bajram Fusha explained the role that municipalities have for economic development and free economic zones. “Kosovo does not have free economic zones. Even though, the Government has decided to announce Free Economic Zones, such as Gjakova and Mitrovica, still, they can not be named as free economic zones,” – said Mr. Fusha.

The third module of Local Governance Academy organized by Kosovo Local Government Institute was held in Durres from 19th to 21st November.